Answer to Question 3
There is Earthly wisdom and there is Heavenly wisdom. How are they different or the same?
In verse 13, James talks about wisdom. He says that the wise man proves his worth through his deeds and his righteous living. Indeed, this is so. Nevertheless, he points out that there are two kinds of wisdom, earthly wisdom and Heavenly Wisdom. The contrast between them is stark. Earthly wisdom, James tells us, is "unspiritual and demonic".
What kind of wisdom is he talking about specifically? He is talking about the kind of insight that allows some to take advantage of others. There are those who will scheme and scam to have their way. They work hard to play on the heart strings or the naivete of the few to line their own pockets or to advance their power.
James continues: "Where there is jealousy and selfishness, there is also disorder and every kind of evil." Yes, James is concerned with public and private order. Earthly wisdom can create chaos. While heavenly wisdom fosters order and happiness. He goes on to paint a picture of what heavenly wisdom is.
"The Wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and friendly. It is full of compassion and produces a host of good seeds." We see that heavenly wisdom is not merely good intentions (although that is part of it). It also results in good things. This does not mean that good intentions always have good results. No, the wise person directs good intentions to create good results. This can be done with Gods help.
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